Classification of wines

Specific classification of Bordeaux wines

The great wines of the Médoc quality diversity has necessarily led to a classification in which these wines are divided into raw peasants, artisans raw, ordinary crus bourgeois, bourgeois right, upper and upper middle class wines. These are classified into 5 categories. At the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1855, the Chambre Syndicale de Bordeaux brokers distinguished 61 premium wines. This list is the consecration of uses long established. Since then, this classification is the reference price and purchases of these wines.

  • Premiers Grands Crus
  • Second Grands Crus
  • Third Grands Crus
  • Fourth Grands Crus
  • Fifth Grands Crus
  • Crus bourgeois (new law in June 2003)
  • Crus artisans (new law in January 2006)
  • Saint Emilion
  • Graves

Specific classification of Bourgogne wines

In 1415, the Edict of King Charles VI specifies that "are called Burgundy wines those produced above the Pont-de-Sens". He divided the wines into two categories: the Lower and Upper Burgundy Burgundy. More recently, the law of 1 August 1905, supplemented by the Law of May 6, 1919, regulates the appellations in Burgundy. The compounds territories small plots which are called "climates", form the names. These are the names of Beaune, Chablis, Nuits, Meursault, Pouilly-Fuissé ...
Everywhere in Burgundy varietals are severely restricted.    

  • The premiers crus
    Nearly 600 wineries benefit from the appellation "Premier Cru". They were formally appointed under the old ways calling them the best wines. The label of a premier cru named the village followed by the name of the vineyard, in the body of characters.
  • The grands crus
    Only 32 vineyards have the privilege of bearing the name "grand cru". It was once called "vintage heads". These are the best of the best: Chambertin, Clos Vougeot, Corton, Corton-Charlemagne, Montrachet, Musigny, La Tache ...The Bourgogne grands crus only mention the name of the vineyard.
    Grands Crus in Bourgogne List